These guidelines from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are intended to support States in the implementation of a system for the protection of cultural property. They provide further guidance to the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.
The 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its two Protocols of 1954 and 1999 provide a system of protection for cultural property in situations of armed conflict.
The UNESCO Declaration on the Responsibility of the Present Generations Towards Future Generations requires that present generations should preserve the cultural diversity of humankind, and have the responsibility to identify, protect and safeguard the tangible and intangible cultural heritage and to transmit this common heritage to future generations.
The UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage addresses intentional destruction of cultural heritage, including cultural heritage linked to a natural site, and requires that member states should take all appropriate measures to prevent, avoid, stop and suppress acts of intentional destruction of cultural heritage.
The European Cultural Convention is an international treaty which aims to develop mutual understanding among the peoples of Europe and reciprocal appreciation of cultural diversity, to safeguard European culture, and to promote national contributions to Europe’s common cultural heritage respecting the same fundamental values.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) operates a Database of National Cultural Heritage Laws which was devised as an international solution to combat the illicit traffic of cultural property.
The International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR) maintains information about international cultural property laws. These resources aim to help users navigate legislation and case law regarding the acquisition and ownership of artworks.
CITES is an international agreement between governments. This multilateral treaty aims to protect endangered plants and animals and relates to the acquisition of biological and geological material in developing collections.
This legislation refers to the acquisition of cultural property and makes it an offence to acquire, dispose of, import or export ‘tainted’ cultural objects, or agree or arrange to do so; and for connected purposes.